Caryophyllia arcuata   (Milne Edwards & Haim,  1848) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Caryophylliidae

Description
Corallum solitary, cornuate. Calices slightly elliptical. Edges of septa entire, sides granular. Columella formed of twisted ribbonlike trabecuale and major septa merge with columella. Pali poorly developed and scarcely recognisable. Costae correspond to septa and almost extend to base of corallite.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kollam (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 76.5) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Kerala Coast INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Off Chennai INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Karnataka, Mangalore (Lat: 12.87) (Long: 74.88) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Coral reefs species in India Available at - http://envfor.nic.in/icrmn/species/species.html
  • Pillai, CSG (1969) Stony corals of the seas around India Proceedings of the Symposium on corals and coral reefs Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 191-216 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, CSG. (1983) Structure and generic diversity of recent scleractinia of India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India 25(1&2) 78-90 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Pillai, CSG (1983) Coral reefs and their environs Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 36-43 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/995/1/Bulletin_No_34-6.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG and Jasmine, S (1995) Scleractinian corals of the erstwhile Travancore Coast (Southwest of India) Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine Biological Association of India 37 (1-2) 109-125 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/634/1/Gopi_109-125.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-02-16

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