Montastrea valenciennesi   (Milne Edwards & Haime)  1848 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Fungiidae

Description
Color: Colors are variable, most frequently green and yellow with the coenosarc and oral disc always being different

Colonies are massive, rounded or flattened, sometimes encrusting. Corallites are distinctly polygonal, usually hexagonal, 9-15 mm in diameter. Three order of septa are usually present; sometimes six exert primary septa can be distinguished from the others of the first order and occasionally a fourth order is present. All septa are dentate, the dentations being large and conspicuous. The dentations and septa are always granulated. The columellae are usually small, compact and spongy, sometimes loosely trabecular. Costae are prominently beaded and are well developed in calices with well-developed exotheca.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.

Similar species: Montastrea colemani


Synonym (s)
Phymastraea valenciennesii Edwards & Haime 1848
Favia valencienessi Scheer & Pillai 1974

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon lunulatus)
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2008)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• SEYCHELLES

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Sheppard, C and Obura, D (2005) Corals and reefs of Cosmoledo and Aldabra atolls: Extent Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis Ltd 39(2) 103-121 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pratchett, MS; Wilson, ESK; Berumen, EML and McCormick, MI (2004) Sublethal effects of coral bleaching on an obligate coral feeding butterflyfish Coral Reefs 23 352-356 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/yv4pkvd6htp7mfnl/fulltext.pdf
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • http://dardanus.fc2web.com/ Available at - http://dardanus.fc2web.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • http://dardanus.fc2web.com/ Available at - http://dardanus.fc2web.com/

Page last updated on:2009-10-29

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