Favia matthaii   Vaughan,  1918 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Faviidae

Image copyrights: Larry Basch

Description
Color: Usually brown or grey, with dark calices.

Colonies are massive. Corallites are crowded, and circular, with calices 9-12 mm in diameter. Septa are thickened, exsert or ragged, with large teeth near the wall and well-developed paliform lobes forming a crown around the columella (Source:WoRMS).

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Favia matthaii Vaughan, 1918
Favia matthaii Veron, Pichon and Best, 1977

Common Name (s)
• Knob Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon lunulatus)
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Ashmore Reef AUSTRALIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA (Record: 2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2004)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA (Record: 2004)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Fenner, D; Clark, TH; Turner, JR and Chapman, B (2004) A checklist of the corals of the island state of Rodrigues, Mauritius Journal of Natural History 38 3091-3102 Available at - NCL
  • Veron, JEN (1986) Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Pratchett, MS; Wilson, ESK; Berumen, EML and McCormick, MI (2004) Sublethal effects of coral bleaching on an obligate coral feeding butterflyfish Coral Reefs 23 352-356 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/yv4pkvd6htp7mfnl/fulltext.pdf
  • Edward, JKP; Patterson, J; Venkatesh M; Mathews, G; Chellaram, C and Wilhelmsson D (2004) A field guide to stony corals (Scleractinia) of Tuticorin in Gulf of Mannar, southeast coast of India SDMRI special research publication no. 4 SDMRI, Tuticorin, India 80 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • National park service Available at - http://www.nps.gov/

Page last updated on:2010-05-05

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