Porites porites   Pallas  (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Poritidae

Description
Color: Uniform grey-brown

Colonies are sturdy fused branches with rounded tips. Corallites are deeply excavated and, with a coarse coenosteum, form a rough surface. Tentacles are usually extended during the day.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, brooder.

Similar species: Porites furcata


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Clubbed Finger Coral (English)
• Hump Coral (English)
• Finger Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifascialis)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tarmugli Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Graham, NAJ (2007) Ecological versatility and the decline of coral feeding fishes following climate driven coral mortality Marine Biology Springer Berlin / Heidelberg 153(2) 119-127 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/9603851204hwv725/fulltext.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/right_menu/Animal_disc/Animal%20Discovery%202010.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-08-23

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