Echinopora lamellosa   (Esper,  1795) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Faviidae

Description
Color: Amber, pale to dark brown or greenish, often with darker-brown or green calices.

Colonies are usually thin leaves. They consist of thin laminae arranged in whorls or tiers or, rarely, forming tubes. Corallites are relatively thin-walled and have calices 3 to 6 mm in diameter. Columellae are small and compact, and paliform lobes are well developed. Calices in general are spaced about a corallite diameter apart. Costae run between septa and are beaded. The primary septa are markedly exsert, and bear paliform lobes.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Madrepora lamellosa Esper, 1794
Echinopora lamellosa (Esper, 1974)
Echinopora concinna Verrill, 1901

Common Name (s)
• Hedgehog Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium trade)
Threats:  Natural threats
(Susceptibility to coral diseases)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Red Sea
• SEYCHELLES
• MALDIVES
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Appa INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• South India INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Pongibalu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-12-22

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