Cyphastrea chalcidium   (Forskal,  1775) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Fungiidae

Description
Color: Usually uniform brown, green or cream with corallite walls and calices of contrasting colors

Colonies are encrusting to massive, with a tendency to form columns. Corallites are usually widely spaced and conical, with clearly alternating costae which are easily visible underwater.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.

Similar species: Cyphastrea serailia

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Lesser Knob Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam, Palk Bay INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-15

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