Gudusia chapra   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image description: Khan, MM

Description
Size (male): 15-20 cm TL

Body fairly deep and its depth is about 1/3rd of its standard length; 26 to 29 scutes along belly. A single triangular pectoral axillary scale; depressed tip of dorsal fin to behind vertical from anal fin origin. Hind margin of scales smooth. Dark blotch behind gill opening, often followed by a series of spots along flank. Gill rakers fine and numerous, increasing with size of fish (100 to 280 at 4 to 16 cm standard length).


Synonym (s)
Clupanodon chapra Hamilton, 1822
Clupea chapra Gunther, 1868
Clupea indica Gray, 1834
Clupea suhia Chaudhuri, 1912
Gudusia chapra Regan, 1917
Gudusia godanahiai Srivastava, 1968
Alausa microlepis Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Clupanodon cagius Hamilton, 1822
(Junior synonym)
Clupanodon chapra Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Clupea champil Gray, 1834
(Junior synonym)
Clupea chapra (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Clupea indica Gray, 1834
(Junior synonym)
Clupea suhia Chaudhuri, 1912
(Junior synonym)
Gudusia chapra (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Gudusia godanahiai Srivastava, 1968
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Chapila
• Karati (Assamese)
• Koroti (Assamese)
• Coori (Bengali)
• Khira (Bengali)
• Indian river shad (English)
• Suhia (Hindi)
• Suiya (Hindi)
• Gobri (Kannada)
• Wana manbi (Manipuri)
• Suia (Nepali)
• Gudua (Oriya)
• Chappera (Punjabi)
• Palla (Punjabi)
• Pharanda (Punjabi)
• Polei
• Suhia
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sen, TK (1985) The fish fauna of Assam and the neighbouring north-eastern states of India Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 64 Records of the Zoological Survey of Inida ZSI, Kolkata 1-216 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Mishra, SS; Pradhan, P; Kar, S and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Records of the Zoological Survey of India: Ichthyofaunal diversity of Midnapore, Bankura and Hooghly districts, south west Bengal ZSI, Kolkata 65 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, UK; Kapoor, D; Paul, SK; Pathar, Ak; Basheer, VS; Deepak, PK; Srivastava, SM and Tyagi, LK (2007) Fish Biodiversity in the water bodies of samaspur bird sanctuary Uttar Pradesh: towards developing a freshwater aquatic sanctuary Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(1) 51-54 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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