Caesio xanthonotus   Bleeker,  1853 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 30.6 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens light reddish-brown above, while below, the two colors separated, on the sides by a very broad blackish or bluish band, more brownish on the head. Dorsal, anal and caudal pale reddish yellow, pectorals and ventrals pale yellowish. Axil of pectorals and a triangular spot at posterior part of base of pectorals dark blue.

Dorsal and ventral profile evenly convex from snout to caudal peduncle. Height 2.9-3.2, 3.6-4.2 in length with caudal. Head 3.1, 3.9 in length with caudal. Eye 3.7-4.8, 1-1.2 in snout. Inter orbital space very convex, less so in small specimens. Mouth very oblique, only slightly protractile. Maxillary truncate behind, reaching to below anterior half of eye. An outer series of enlarged teeth in the jaws, followed by a few rows of very small teeth. Two teeth of the outer row in the lower jaw near symphysis larger than the others. Vomer with a few minute teeth. In a small specimen also some teeth on palatines. Snout and region round eye naked. A scaly band on temporal region 2 or 3 scales deep, 9 or 10 scales long, the left and right one separated by a very narrow scaleless inter space. About 20 rows of scales between this band and origin of dorsal. Opercular region scaly, with exception of the posterior and inferior preopercular limb. Origin of dorsal above equal to post orbital part of head. The dorsal decreases gradually in height posteriorly, the last ray as long as eye. Origin of anal below third dorsal ray. First anal spine minute, second one somewhat longer than third, slightly more than eye. Depth of anal decreasing slightly posteriorly, the last ray as long as eye. Pectorals long and pointed, more than half diameter of eye longer than head. Ventrals at equal distance from corner of mouth and origin of anal, or a little nearer to anal, as long as post orbital part of head. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.3-1.7 in its length, equal to snout.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportion.

Synonym (s)
Caesio xanthonotus Bleeker, 1853
Caesio teres Seale, 1906
Caesio xanthonotus Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
• Donkevumas
• Yellowfin Fusilier
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used as bait in the tuna fishery)



• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1980, 00/01/1988-00/02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 00/01/1988-00/02/1988)
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Pillai, PP; Gopakumar, G and Said Koya, KP (2002) Spatial distribution pattern and biology of tuna live-bait fishes in Lakshadweep Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 231-236 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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