Porites lichen   Dana,  1846 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Poritidae

Image copyrights: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences

Description
Color: Usually bright yellowish-green, sometimes brown.

Colonies form flat laminae or plates, or fused nodules and columns. Corallites are usually aligned in irregular rows separated by low ridges. Septal structures are variable and irregular. Colonies form drooping plates and vertical spires, commonly in the same colony, especially when the colony is larger than about a metre tall and broad. Commonly vertical projections develop from the plates - these will develop into the large spires on the top of the future colony. The surface of each plate is commonly irregular. Corallum encrusting on a dead calcareous alga. Intercorallite wall sometimes absent, thus 2-5 corallites running together to form small valleys. Septal numbers irregular, pali four, poorely developed.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, brooder.


Synonym (s)
Porites lichen Dana, 1846
Porites viridis Gardiner

Common Name (s)
• Color Coral (English)
• Hump Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium trade)
Threats:  Natural threats
(Susceptibility to coral diseases)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifascialis)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA (Record: 1998-1999)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Enayam INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• West Coast INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2013-06-07

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