Glossogobius giuris   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CAFS

Size: 35-50 cm.

Color: The body is brownish yellow with 5 to 6 dark and rounded spots on its sides. Some specimens living on dark substrates can be very dark also. Some living on very light substrates show an ivory coloration. Dorsal fins are light with brownish spots. Pelvic fins are grey. Pectorals and caudal are grey and often hyaline.

Body elongate, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 5-6 1/4 in length, 6-8 1/2 in total length. Head pointed, depressed, 3-3 3/4 in length, 3 3/4 - 4 1/4 in total length. Profile straight to a little convex. Eye 4-8 in head, interorbital 1/3 - 1 eye diameter. On each side of interorbital space a low crest. Snout pointed, convex, in young specimens shorter than eye, in adult longer than eye. Tip of snout before middle or lower part of eye. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below anterior part of eye, or only to anterior border of eye. Lips thick. Teeth of outer and inner row enlarged, in front caninoid. Tongue bilobate. Some (3-5) longitudinal mucous canals on cheek. Head scaled above behind the eyes and on upper part of opercle, upper part of cheek sometimes scaled. Scales of head nearly all cycloid, of breast and belly cycloid, other scales ctenoid. Dorsal fins close together. First dorsal fin lower than body, second, third and fourth rays are the longest, sometimes filiform. Second dorsal and anal fin pointed posteriorly. Pectoral fin as long as or longer than head without snout. Ventral fin obtuse, a little shorter than pectoral fin. Caudal fin obtuse to oblong, about as long as head. Head flattened, lower jaw projecting; body pale without longitudinal lines. Dorsal fins with small spots forming longitudinal stripes. Pelvic fins jointed but attached to the body only from their anterior part.

Remarks: Frequent, Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Awaous gutum Hamilton, 1822
Euctenogobius striatus Day, 1868
Glossogibius giuris Jayaram, 1981
Glossogobius gutum (Hamilton, 1974)
Gobius catebus Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius celebius non Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius celebius Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius giuris Hamilton, 1822
Gobius kokius non Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius kokius Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius kurpah Sykes, 1840
Gobius phiopsilosoma Bleeker, 1849
Gobius platycephalus non Richardson, 1846
Gobius russelli Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius spectabilis Gunther, 1861
Gobius striatus Day, 1868
Gobius sublitus Cantor, 1850
Gobius unicolour Gunther, 1861
Gobius kokius Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius fasciato-punctatus Richardson, 1844
Gobius phaiosoma Bleeker, 1849
Gobius kokius Cantor, 1850
Gobius brunneus Temminck and Schlegel, 1845
Gobius platycephalus Peters, 1852
Gobius giuris Gunther, 1861
Gobius pavo Steindachner, 1867
Gobius grandidieri Playfair, 1868
Gobius obscuripinnis Peters, 1868
Gobius olivaceus Bleeker, 1869
Gobius sauroides Castelnau, 1878
Gobius gutum Day, 1878
Gobius suppositus Sauvage, 1880
Gobius circumspectus Macleay, 1883
Eleotris laticeps De Vis, 1884
Gobius concavifrons Ramsay and Ogilby, 1886
Gobius gutum Day, 1889
Gabius giuris Sauvage, 1891
Gobius celebius M. Weber, 1894
Gobius giuris Reuvens, 1894
Rhinogobius circumspectus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Gobius giuris M. Weber, 1908
Gobius celebius M. Weber, 1911
Gobius celebius M. Weber, 1913
Gobius (Glossogobius) giuris M. Weber, 1913
Gobius matanensis M. Weber, 1913
Glossogobius giuris McCulloch, 1919
Glossogobius circumspectus Hora, 1924
Glossogobius celebius Herre, 1927
Gobius (Glossogobius) giuris Barnard, 1927
Glossogobius giuris Fowler, 1928
Glossogobius vomer Whitley, 1929
Gobius gutum Hora, 1929
Gobius (Glossogobius) giuris Wu, 1931
Gobius giuris Pellegrin, 1933
Gobius gutum Hora, 1934
Glossogobius suppositus Whitely, 1934
Glossogobius giuris Lin, 1934
Glossogobius giuris Koumans, 1935
Glossogobius koragensis Herre, 1935
Glossogobius giuris Herre, 1936
Glossogobius giuris brunneus Tomiyama, 1936
Glossogobius celebius Herre, 1936
Glossogobius giuris Koumans, 1937
Glossogobius concavifrons Whitley, 1938
Glossogobius giuris Aurich, 1938
Glossogobius koragensis Koumans, 1940
Glossigobius giuris (Hamilton, 1822)
Glossogabius giuris (Hamilton, 1822)
Glossogobius giurus (Hamilton, 1822)
Glossogobius guirus (Hamilton, 1822)
Gobius giurus Hamilton, 1822
Gobius phiopsilosoma Bleeker, 1849
Acentrogobius giuris (Hamilton, 1822)
Glossogobius giuris giuris (Hamilton, 1822)
Glossogobius tenuiformis Fowler, 1934
Gobius gutum Hamilton, 1822
Gobius kora Valenciennes, 1837
Gobius kurpah Sykes, 1839
Gobius phaiospilosoma Bleeker, 1849
Gobius russelli Cuvier, 1829
Gobius striatus (Day, 1868)
Gobius sublitus Cantor, 1849

Common Name (s)
• Patimutara
• Bar Eyed Goby (English)
• Kharpa (Marathi)
• Bailya
• Bele (Bengali)
• Bar Eyed Goby (English)
• Flat Headed Goby (English)
• Fresh Water Goby (English)
• Gangetic Tank Goby (English)
• Poolan (English)
• Tank Goby (English)
• Uluvai (English)
• Tank Gobi (English)
• Flathead Goby (English)
• Bhangi Sidda (Kannada)
• Phursandi (Konkani)
• Kharbi (Marathi)
• Kharpya (Marathi)
• Vuluvai (Tamil)
• Isika Dondu (Telugu)
• Bhalia
• Belay
• Ghesra
• Nailon Ngamu
• Bulla
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small insects, crustaceans and small fish


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Kerala, Ayiramthengu INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Mohana (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Bihar, Dighwara INDIA (Record: 1952)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-02-28

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