Gerres setifer   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Devarapalli, P.

Size: 15 cm SL.

Body silvery, oblong and compressed. Mouth is small and protractile. Teeth in villiform bands in both jaws. Canines are absent. Dorsal fin has 10 spines and 9 soft rays. Anal fin has 3 spines and 7 soft rays. Pectoral fins are long and reaches to almost the origin of anal fin. Head and body are completely covered with scales. Lateral line has 30 scales. Supraneural bones 2. Last dorsal fin spine is longer than the penultimate spine, mean 1.17.

Breeds in late summer to early rainy season.

Synonym (s)
Chanda setifer Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Gerreomorpha setifer (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Gerres altispinis Gunther, 1862
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Black Tipped Mojarro (English)
• Small Bengal Silver Biddy (English)
• Bainge (Kannada)
• Gangetic Silvery Biddy (English)
• Paiya (Kannada)
• Pranjin (Malayalam)
• Charbat (Marathi)
• Harvil (Marathi)
• Hotya (Marathi)
• Neersuthumbu (Tamil)
• Oodaan (Tamil)
• Jagili
• Black Tipped Mojarra (English)
• Udagam
• Black Tipped Silver Biddy (English)
• Morli
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Prey:  Acetes indicus, amphipods, copepods and other crustaceans


• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)

Literature Source(s)
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Basheeruddin, S and Nayar, KN (1961) A preliminary study of the juvenile fishes of the coastal waters off Madras city Indian Journal of Fisheries Ernakulam, Cochin-ll, India 8 (1) 169-188 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-27

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