Apogon coccineus   Ruppell,  1838 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Apogonidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Max. size: 6.0 cm TL

Color: Uniform scarlet; interorbital dusky and dark spots on scales of opercle, nape and back. Fins transparent.

Head 2.6-2.8 in standard length, 3.4-3.6 in total length. Depth of body 2.5-2.7 in standard length, 3.3-3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 2.9-3.0 in head, 0.5-0.6 in snout and 0.7 in interorbital space. Maxillary almost reaching to a level from hind border of eye. Hind margin of preopercle denticulate. Preopercle ridge and preorbital smooth. Pectoral fin shorter than postorbital length of head and eye diameter together. Ventral fin shorter than pectoral.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VI; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 22-24; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6.

Dioecious, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders (mouthbrooders). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Apogon campbelli Smith, 1949
Apogon kominatoensis Ebina, 1935
Apogon campbelli (non Smith, 1949)
(Misapplied name)
Apogon coccineus Ruppell, 1838
(Senior synonym)
Apogon erythrinus (non Snyder, 1904)
(Misapplied name)
Apogon kominatoensis Ebina, 1935
(Junior synonym)
Apogon coccineus Ruppell, 1835

Common Name (s)
• Ruby Cardinalfish (English)
• Ruby Cardinal (English)
• Red Cardinal (English)
• Cryptic Cardinalfish (English)
• Rybodi (Mahl)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Red Sea (Record: 1980)
• SEYCHELLES (Record: 1980)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2008)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-09

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