Favia favus   (Forskal,  1775) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Faviidae

Description
Color: Usually dark green, brown or grey. It is often mottled and may have pale calices.

Colonies are massive, rounded or flat. Corallites are conical, with calices 12- 20 mm in diameter. Septa have an irregular appearance. Paliform lobes are poorly developed. Colonies are commonly nearly perfect hemispheres, frequently reaching 1 metre across. Corallites are usually markedly plocoid, usually forming cones about 2 to 5 mm tall and sometimes up to 1 cm tall in sedimented areas. Septa have ragged teeth and do not form distinct orders. Costae of all orders are equal and have regular dentations.

Hermaphroditic, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Madrepora favus Forskal, 1775
Favia affinis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Favia favus Forskal, 1974
Favia favus Matthai, 1914

Common Name (s)
• Knob Coral (English)
• Head Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)
Threats:  Natural threats
(Susceptibility to coral diseases)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Flores INDONESIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: -12 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.2) INDIA (Record: 03/2005-05/2005)

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2013-06-13

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