Dolabella auricularia   (Lightfoot,  1786) (Sea Slug)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Anaspidea
Family:Aplysiidae

Image copyrights: G. & Ph. Poppe

Description
Size: Up to 20 cm long

Color: Body color is variable, in shades of green and brown

Animal very large; body oblong ovate, narrow anteriorly and broad posteriorly marked by a flattened disc; skin very rough and tough, bears several filamentous processes; anterior tentacles flattened and broadly expanded, rhinophores with wrinkled and palliated surface; foot broad and with a flattened sole; parapodia well developed and united in front. A ctenidium in the groove; genital pore posterior to the ctenidium; radula with numerous close-set teeth. Shell white, thick, calcareous, hatchet-shaped with callous deposit in the apex, when disturbed it releases copious quantity of purplish fluid. Notable by its trancated, flattened and sloping posterior; the body is often covered in papillae, giving the animals a prickly or shaggy appearance.

It has a cryptic coloration and not easily noticed.


Synonym (s)
Dolabella gigas Rang, 1828
Dolabella rumphii Blainville, 1819
Dolabella scapula (Martyn, 1786)
Patella scapula Martyn, 1786

Common Name (s)
• Wedge sea Hare (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Opisthobranchs from the Mediterranean Sea and elsewhere Available at - www.medslugs.de/E/mssmain.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (1998) Sea Slug Forum Australian Museum Available at - http://www.seaslugforum.net/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/

Page last updated on:2011-03-10

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