Montipora spongodes   Bernard  1897 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description
Color: Uniform dark brown, green or grey

Colonies have encrusting or laminar bases which may have rootlets. Plates have upward projecting ridges developing into columns. Corallites are widely spaced and immersed. The coenosteum has no elaborations. Verrucae commonly form on lower parts of colonies.

Similar species: Montipora mollis, which has similar surface characters but does not form columns or verrucae


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Pore Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Gastropod (Magilopsis) and flatworm (Prosthiostomum)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Cairns, DS; Hoeksema, WB and Derland, JV (1999) List of extant stony corals Atoll Research Bulletin National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, U. S. A 459 13-46 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Veron, JEN (1986) Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Reefkeeping- An online magazine for the marine aquarist Available at - http://reefkeeping.com/index.htm
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 1 463 pp Available at - NIO, Goa


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