Montipora foliosa   (Pallas,  1766) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Image copyrights: Bishop museum

Description
Color: Usually cream, pink or brown.

Colonies are encrusting with broad laminar margins sometimes forming tiers or whorls. Corallites are arranged in rows between reticulum ridges which are conspicuous and usually perpendicular to the corallum margin. Species characterised by larger foliaceous corallum and colonies may form 1-2 mm in diameter. Tubercles on upper surface of corallum run together to form long continuous low ridges enclosing calices in valleys. Primary septa well developed, secondary rudimentary.

Hermaphroditic, sexual, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Madrepora foliosa Pallas, 1766
Montipora foliosa (Pallas, 1879)
Montipora foliosa Pillai & Scheer, 1976
Montipora prolifera Bruggemann, 1879

Common Name (s)
• Pore Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Gastropod (Magilopsis) and flatworm (Prosthiostomum)

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Mulli INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Appa INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valimunai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Borai INDIA
• Gujarat, Paga INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 1968-1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• South India INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.37) (Long: 76.95) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Enayam INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)

Literature Source(s)
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  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
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  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Pillai, CSG (1971) Composition of the coral fauna of the southeastern coast of India and the Laccadives Symposium of the zoological society of London 28 301-327 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6215/1/601.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG and Jasmine, S (1989) The coral fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 179-195 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG (1969) The distribution of corals on a reef at Mandapam (Palk bay), S. India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 11(1&2) 62-72 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
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