Galeocerdo cuvier   (Peron and Lesueur,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: BĂ©arez, P.

Size: Max length 750 cm TL male/unsexed; common length 500 cm TL male/unsexed

Max. weight reported: 807.4 kg

Color: Grey above with vertical dark grey to black bars and spots which appear faded in adults, white below.

A huge, vertical tiger-striped shark with a broad, bluntly rounded snout, long upper labial furrows, and a big mouth with large, saw-edged; teeth cockscomb-shaped, coarsely serrated, their outer edges deeply notched and the tips directed obliquely outward; small slit like spiracles present; upper labial folds long reaching the eyes; caudal keels low. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Ovoviviparous, with 10-82 in a litter. Mating takes place even before gravid females have given birth. Distinct pairing with embrace. Gestation period: 13-16 months. Size at birth between 51 and 104 cm TL; born at about 51-76 cm TL

Max. age reported: 50 years

Synonym (s)
Carcharias fasciatus Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias hemprichii Klunzinger, 1871
(Junior synonym)
Galeocerda cuvier Peron & Lesueur, 1822
Galeocerdo arcticus Faber, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Galeocerdo cuvieri Peron & Lesueur, 1822
Galeocerdo fasciatus van Kampen, 1907
(Ambiguous synonym)
Galeocerdo obtusus Klunzinger, 1871
(Junior synonym)
Galeocerdo rayneri Day, 1878
Galeocerdo rayneri McDonald & Barron, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Galeocerdo tigrinus Day, 1889
Galeocerdo tigrinus Day, 1878
Galeocerdo tigrinus Muller & Henle, 1841
Galeocerdo tigrinus Muller & Henle, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Galeus cepedianus Agassiz, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Galeus maculatus Ranzani, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Squalus arcticus Faber, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Squalus cuvier Peron & Lesueur, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Squalus cuvier Le Sueur, 1822

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Shark (English)
• Maneater Shark (English)
• Leopard Shark (English)
• Tiger Shark (English)
• Bhoavar (Gujarati)
• Pilithatte (Kannada)
• Pulli Sravu (Malayalam)
• Kalla Sravu (Malayalam)
• Kalvari (Malayalam)
• Kellan (Malayalam)
• Waghbeer (Marathi)
• Wulluven Sorrah (Tamil)
• Kurangu Sorrah (Tamil)
• Kettalam Sorrah (Telugu)
• Kethulam (Telugu)
• Kurangu Sorrah (Telugu)
• Bhoovar (Gujarati)
• Pullia (Kannada)
• Vari Sorrah (Tamil)
• Kethalam Sorrah (Telugu)
• Vulluvan Sorrah (Telugu)
• Vorimiyaru (Oriya)
• Valiyasurav (Oriya)
• Puli Sorrah
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Valued for its meat, fins, hide and liver oil and also for its jaws and cartilage. Often used for fishmeal. Utilized fresh, dried-salted, smoked and frozen; gamefish.

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Sharks, rays, bony fishes, marine mammals, tortoises, seabirds, sea snakes, squids, gastropods, crustaceans, detritus, also including toxic or armored fish species such as Lactoria cornuta or Diodon hystrix, porpoises, whales, sea turtles, cephalopods, domestic animals and humans. It also feeds on carrion and garbage, including cans, pieces of metal and burlap bags.
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened


• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.93) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Red Sea
• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/2008-06/2009) (Depth: 0-371 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Milton, MCJ and Raghuram, KP (2003) Handbook on sharks of Indian waters ZSI, Kolkata 1-113
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Mould, B (1999) Classification of the recent Elasmobranchiia A classification of the living sharks and rays of the world Third edition Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mishra, SS and Krishnan, S (2003) Marine fishes of Pondicherry and Karaikal Records of the zoological survey of india ZSI 53 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at -
  • Akhilesh, KV; Ganga, U; Pillai, NGK; Vivekanandan, E; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Hashim, M (2011) Deep-sea fishing for chondrichthyan resources and sustainability concerns-a case study from southwest coast of India Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences NISCAIR 40(3) 347-355 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-17

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