Dotilla myctiroides   (H. Milne Edwards,  1852) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: ria tan

Size: Length of carapace: 9 mm; breadth of carapace: 8 mm

Color: Pinkish, chelipeds white

Carapace at least as long as broad; chelipeds 3 or 4 times as long as the carapace, and much longer than the legs; "tympana" present on the sternum.
Carapace about as long as, or slightly longer than, broad, little sculptured dorsally, though its antero-lateral parts are studded with vesiculous granules. Front grooved; a groove runs parallel with either lateral border, and a faint groove crosses either postero-lateral angle. Orbits very oblique and very shallow, almost obsolete. The merus of the external maxillipeds are nearly twice as big as the ischium and is finely granular; a single faint groove, most distinct anteriorly, runs parallel with its outer border. Chelipeds between three and four times the length of the carapace, all the joints long, slender and unarmed. Fingers longer than the palm, without any conspicuous teeth. Legs long, but much shorter than the chelipeds; the meropodites strongly dilated, and with a large "tympanum". The dactylus of the last pair is longer than the propodite, but in the other three pairs it is a little shorter than the propodite.
Large adults are very thick, oblong, convex; antero lateral sides convergent forward and the animals are unlike crab in appearance.

Synonym (s)
Doto myctiroides Milne Edwards, 1852
Dotilla myctiroides H. Milne Edwards, 1858
Scopimera myctiroides Lanchester, 1900
Dotilla myctiroides Walker, 1890
Dotilla myctiroides Kemp, 1919
Doto myctiroides H. Milne Edwards, 1852

Common Name (s)
• Common Soldier Crab (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Gut INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Backwaters INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 76.9) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Pondicherry, Mahe INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA
• Mergui MYANMAR
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mithbav Creek (Lat: 16.33) (Long: 73.41) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar (Lat: 74.18) (Long: 14.88) INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Aberdeen Bay INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.1) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.58) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.41) (Long: 80.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.31) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Roy, MKD and Das, AK (2000) Taxonomy, ecobiology and distribution pattern of the brachyuran crabs of mangrove ecosystem in the Andaman Islands Occasional paper no 185 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-211 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sethuramalingam, S and Khan, SA Brachyuran crabs of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chhapgar, BF (1957) Marine crabs of Bombay state Contribution No. 1 of the Taraporevala Marine Biological Station Marine Biological Station, Department of fisheries, Bombay 89 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • (1998) Mangrove invertebrates view Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 14(2) 27-29 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Lee, SuLi and Lim, SLS (2004) Do diameters of burrows and food pellets provide estimated of the size structure of a population of Dotilla myctiroides at the sand flats of Ao Tung Khen, Phuket? Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 65 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • DEB, M (1995) Crustacea: Brachyura Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka Lake ZSI, Calcutta 345-366 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Yeragi, SG and Yeragi, SS (1998) Effects of some environmental parameters on respiratory metabolisms of Dotilla myctiroides (M-Edwards) of Mithbav Creek Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 40(1&2) 197-200 Available at - NIO Goa
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at -
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Soundarapandian,P; John Samuel,N; Ravichandran,S and Kannupandi,T (2008) Biodiversity of crabs in the Pichavaram Mangrove environment, South East Coast of India International Journal of Zoological Research CASMB, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu 4(2) 113-118 Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Bandekar, PD; Neelkantan, K and Kakati, VS (2011) Biodiversity of Crabs in Karwar Mangrove environment West Coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology Mohammed Abdul Muhsin Agriculture and Engineering Consultants 3(4) 01-05 Available at -
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Serebiah, JS; Thivakaran, GA and Rajkumar, M (2007) Benthic macrofaunal assemblage in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachchh – Gujarat Journal of Ocean University of China Ocean University of China 6(3) 303 -309 Available at -
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Brachyuran biodiversity of some selected brackishwater lakes of India Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference 496-499 Available at -
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-02

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