Dotilla myctiroides   (H. Milne Edwards,  1852) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Dotillidae

Image copyrights: ria tan

Description
Size: Length of carapace: 9 mm; breadth of carapace: 8 mm

Color: Pinkish, chelipeds white

Carapace at least as long as broad; chelipeds 3 or 4 times as long as the carapace, and much longer than the legs; "tympana" present on the sternum.
Carapace about as long as, or slightly longer than, broad, little sculptured dorsally, though its antero-lateral parts are studded with vesiculous granules. Front grooved; a groove runs parallel with either lateral border, and a faint groove crosses either postero-lateral angle. Orbits very oblique and very shallow, almost obsolete. The merus of the external maxillipeds are nearly twice as big as the ischium and is finely granular; a single faint groove, most distinct anteriorly, runs parallel with its outer border. Chelipeds between three and four times the length of the carapace, all the joints long, slender and unarmed. Fingers longer than the palm, without any conspicuous teeth. Legs long, but much shorter than the chelipeds; the meropodites strongly dilated, and with a large "tympanum". The dactylus of the last pair is longer than the propodite, but in the other three pairs it is a little shorter than the propodite.
Large adults are very thick, oblong, convex; antero lateral sides convergent forward and the animals are unlike crab in appearance.


Synonym (s)
Doto myctiroides Milne Edwards, 1852
Dotilla myctiroides H. Milne Edwards, 1858
Scopimera myctiroides Lanchester, 1900
Dotilla myctiroides Walker, 1890
Dotilla myctiroides Kemp, 1919
Doto myctiroides H. Milne Edwards, 1852

Common Name (s)
• Common Soldier Crab (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Gut INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Backwaters INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 76.9) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Pondicherry, Mahe INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA
• Tavoy MYANMAR
• Mergui MYANMAR
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Java INDONESIA
• Goa INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mithbav Creek (Lat: 16.33) (Long: 73.41) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar (Lat: 74.18) (Long: 14.88) INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Aberdeen Bay INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.1) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.58) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.41) (Long: 80.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.31) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
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  • Lee, SuLi and Lim, SLS (2004) Do diameters of burrows and food pellets provide estimated of the size structure of a population of Dotilla myctiroides at the sand flats of Ao Tung Khen, Phuket? Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 65 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
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  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Bandekar, PD; Neelkantan, K and Kakati, VS (2011) Biodiversity of Crabs in Karwar Mangrove environment West Coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology Mohammed Abdul Muhsin Agriculture and Engineering Consultants 3(4) 01-05 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/5373/2799
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Serebiah, JS; Thivakaran, GA and Rajkumar, M (2007) Benthic macrofaunal assemblage in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachchh – Gujarat Journal of Ocean University of China Ocean University of China 6(3) 303 -309 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-007-0303-3
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Brachyuran biodiversity of some selected brackishwater lakes of India Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference 496-499 Available at - wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/C-%20Biodiversity/C-20.pdf
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Page last updated on:2012-02-02

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