Architectonica laevigata   (Lamarck,  1822) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:
Family:Architectonicidae

Description
Size: Length 7.82-12.9 mm; diameter 15.15-24.95 mm.

Shell is elevated. The surface is traversed throughout by regularly spaced spiral grooves; there are oblique transpiral striae on the surface of the whorls, and the basal surface is radiately striated, but Ihe teeth on the umbilical margin are stouter and the flattened basal surface bears a raised outer marginal band which is traversed by only a single median spiral groove, and a double spiral groove abutting on the umbilicus which is bordered by beaded margin with two grooves; brown blotches below suture.


Synonym (s)
Solarium laevigatum Lamarck, 1822
Architectonica laevigata Rajagopal and Mookherjee, 1982
Solarium laevigatum Lamarck, 1816

Common Name (s)
• Sundial (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Goa (Lat: 15.65) (Long: 73.74) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Chandrabhaga INDIA (Record: 11/02/1972)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 30/03/1973)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Karaikal INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subbaramaiah, K (1971) Distribution of marine organisms on the Jalleshwar shore, Veraval Seaweed Research and Utilization 1 19-29 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Ahmadi, RM (1985) Effect of oil spilled in Nowruz platform in the Persian Gulf on the endangered benthic organisms Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 383-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rodrigues, NR (2003) Benthic ecology and bioturbation in the coastal waters of Goa, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Bhagirathan, U; Panda, SK; Madhu, VR and Meenakumari, B (2008) Occurrence of live Octocorals in the Trawling Grounds of Veraval Coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Central Fisheries Research Institute of Turkey and Japan 8 369-372 Available at - http://www.trjfas.org/pdf/issue_8_2/369_372.pdf
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Satyamurti, ST (1952) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar I- Amphineura and Gastropoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 265 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-01-24

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