Eupleurogrammus glossodon   (Bleeker,  1860) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Max length 70.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Color: In fresh specimens, body steely blue with metallic reflections, becoming silvery grey after death. Dorsal fin membrane slightly tinged with black along spines, dorsal side of posterior part of fin slightly tinged with black; dermal flaps at tip of each jaw black; a black spot present just behind dermal flap of ventral side of lower jaw.

Body extremely elongate, compressed and tapering to a point. Mouth large with a dermal process on the tip of each jaw; 2 or 3 fangs (usually without barbs) in upper jaw, a pair of fangs at tip of lower jaw, a single series of sharp compressed lateral teeth in both jaws. Eye small, its diameter 6 to 8 times in head length, located close to dorsal profile of head; lower hind margin of gill cover convex. Lateral line running almost straight, closer to the ventral contour. Dorsal fin with 3 spines and 123 to 131 soft rays, running from behind head almost to end of body. Anal fins reduced to minute spinules buried in skin, originating beneath 32nd or 33rd dorsal fin ray. Pectoral fins slightly shorter than snout, with 1 spine and 13 soft rays. Pelvic fins reduced to scale-like spines. Caudal fin absent. Anus elongate and fairly large.

Synonym (s)
Eupleurogrammus glossodon Talwar and Jhingran, 1991
Eupleurogrammus intermedius James (nec Gray), 1959
Eupleurogrammus glossodon Wheeler, 1971
Eupleurogrammus intermedius (Gray, 1831)
(Junior synonym)
Trichiurus glossodon Bleeker, 1860
(Senior synonym)
Trichiurus intermedius Gray, 1831
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Bleekers Ribon Fish (English)
• Longtooth Hairtail
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed mostly dried, mixed with other trichiurids, also salted or fresh.)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, squid and fishes


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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