Parasesarma plicatum   (Latreille,  1803) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Sesarmidae

Image copyrights: Hsi-Te Shih

Description
Lateral borders of carapace markedly concave in the middle, with an indistinct tooth behind the external orbital angle. The movable finger has a row of 8 to 9 "chiton-like" tubercles. No transverse ridge of granules not crest on the inner surface of palm. The merus of ambulatory legs very broad.

Carapace hardly convex, decidedly broader than long, its length being about four-fifths its breadth between the antero-lateral angles, deep. There is no tooth on the lateral borders behind the orbital angle. The front is more than half the greatest breadth of the carapace. The inner border of the arm bears a large tooth at its distal end. On the upper surface of the palm are two oblique pectinated ridges, and the dorsal surface of the male finger is milled with 11 to 19 blunt transverse lamellae. The chelipeds differ in the sexes, being about 1¾ times the length of the carapace in the male and much more massive than the legs, but in the female hardly 11/3 times the length of the carapace and not more massive than the legs. The meropodites of the legs are foliaceous, their greatest breadth in the 2nd and 3rd pairs being more than half their length.


Synonym (s)
Ocypode plicata Latreille, 1806
Cancer quadratus Fabricius, 1798
(Pre-occupied Name)
Ocypode plicatum Latreille, 1803
Alpheus quadratus Weber, 1795
(Nomen nudum)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Muddy

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.1) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.58) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.41) (Long: 80.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.31) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 76.21) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 76.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.16) (Long: 85.83) INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 89.83) INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Kolkata INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sethuramalingam, S and Khan, SA Brachyuran crabs of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Shih, H-T Checklist of Taiwanese crabs Dept. Life Science, National Chung-Hsing University Available at - http://web.nchu.edu.tw/~htshih/SHIH_e.html
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Balasubramanyan, K (1994) Micro-invertebrate benthic fauna of Pichavaram mangroves Conservation of mangrove forest genetic resources: A training manual Available at - http://idl-bnc.idrc.ca/dspace/bitstream/10625/33954/1/118818.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Brachyuran biodiversity of some selected brackishwater lakes of India Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference 496-499 Available at - wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/C-%20Biodiversity/C-20.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Checklist and distribution of Brachyuran crabs of West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 5(2) 191-214 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-09

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