Turricula javana   (Lamarck,  1816) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Femorale

Size: 60-76 mm.
Length: 34.35-51.55 mm.
Diameter: 12.10-19.00 mm.
Max height of the aperture: 16.65-25.90 mm.

Color: Light brown to purplish brown uniform colour.

Shell large, 2 ½ – 3 inches in height, fusiform-biconic, with tall turretted spire, 35-40˚, and moderately long flexuous anterior canal. Spire equal to or slightly greater than height of aperture plus canal. All post-nuclear whorls strongly nodose carinate. Whorls 10-11 plus a very small narrow conic smooth protoconch of about two whorls. Shoulder area with 6-9 fine spiral threads.

Synonym (s)
Murex javanus Linnaeus, 1767
Pleurotoma contorta Perry, 1811
Pleurotoma nodifera Lamarck, 1822
Surcula javana Ray, 1968
Turricula javana Powell, 1969
Pleurotoma javana Lamarck, 1816

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 10/03/1966, 27/03/1984)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Persian Gulf INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA (Record: 30/11/1984)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 24/03/1916-29/03/1916, 20/02/1948)
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA (Record: 24/11/1962)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA
• Kerala, Malabar Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Orissa, Talburai INDIA (Record: 04/11/1962)
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 06/01/1928, 1991, 1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Powell, AWB (1968) The Family Turridae in the Indo-Pacific Indo-Pacific Mollusca Delaware Museum of Natural History Grenville, Delaware, U.S.A 2(10) 215-416 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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