Conus monile   Hwass in Bruguiere,  1792 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Image copyrights: Coneshells

Description
Size: Length 67 mm; Width 36 mm

Color: Ground color white or cream. Last whorl suffused or spirally banded with pale orange or pink. Spiral rows of brown dots.

Shell strong, medium-sized to large, moderately solid to heavy, thick with more than 10 whorls which with reddish tan crescent bonds on the spire concave sided spire ending in a pointed apex. Last whorl conical, outline variably convex at adapical fourth to third and straight below. Shoulder angulate to carinate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline deeply concave with a projecting conical apex of 5-7 postnuclear whorls. Maximum diameter of larval shell about 0.9 mm. First 7-9 postnuclear whorls tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to concave, with obsolete spiral striae. Last whorl with weak to obsolete spiral ribs at base.


Synonym (s)
Cucullus cereolus Roding, 1798
Cucullus ornatus Roding, 1798

Common Name (s)
• Monile Cone (English)
• Necklace Cone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Venom causes paralysis)

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pazhayar INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 05/04/2004) (Depth: 16 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Ganesh, T; Raman, AV and Rao, KVS (2006) New records of marine molluscs from the northeast coast of India, Bay of Bengal Journal of the Bomaby Natural History Society BNHS, India 103(1) 29-33 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kohn, AJ The Conus Biodiversity website Available at - http://biology.burke.washington.edu/conus/index.php
  • Paganelli, G Coneshell.net Available at - http://www.coneshell.net/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-08-12

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