Conus generalis   Linnaeus,  1767 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Coneshells

Size: 50-104 mm

Color: Ground colour white, Indian Ocean specimens often variably suffused with orange to red. Some are cream or pink with with 2-3 brown or black, wide spiral bands. Last whorl with orangish brown to brownish black axial streaks, flames or zigzag markings from base to shoulder or shoulder ramp, varying from solid to highly divided. On each side of centre, a variably wide yellow, orange, brown or black, usually solid spiral band overlies the axial markings.

A thick, broad shell, up to 9 cm, with characteristic small, pointed spire and large body whorl. Medium-sized to large, moderately solid to heavy. Last whorl conical to narrowly conical, outline straight except variably convex below shoulder. Shoulder angulate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline deeply concave, with a conoid apex of 6-10 postnuclear whorls projecting from an otherwise flat spire. Larval shell of 3.5-4 whorls, maximum diameter 0.7-0.8 mm. First 3-5 postnuclear whorls distinctly tuberculate; tuberculation disappears within adjacent 1-2.5 whorls. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to variably concave, with obsolete spiral striae. Last whorl with fine variably spaced spiral ribs at base, obsolete in large specimens.

Synonym (s)
Cucullus locumtenens Roding, 1798
Cucullus filosus Roding, 1798
Cucullus dux Roding, 1798
Conus spirogloxus Deshayes, 1863
Conus spiculum Reeve, 1849
Conus planaxis Deshayes, 1863
Conus maldivus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792
Conus krabiensis da Motta, 1982
Conus generalis var. subunicolor Dautzenberg, 1937
Conus generalis var. regenfussi Dautzenberg, 1937
Conus generalis var. pallida Dautzenberg, 1937
Conus generalis monteiroi Barros e Cunha, 1933

Common Name (s)
• General Cone
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated,Sandy,Muddy


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Depth: 30 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at -
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Ganesh, T; Raman, AV and Rao, KVS (2006) New records of marine molluscs from the northeast coast of India, Bay of Bengal Journal of the Bomaby Natural History Society BNHS, India 103(1) 29-33 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Kohn, AJ The Conus Biodiversity website Available at -
  • Paganelli, G Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-08-11

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