Conus achatinus   Gmelin,  1791 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Description
Size: Length 25 mm; Width 15 mm.

Color: Greyish white, clouded with very fine, thread-like, transverse lines of white dashes and reddish brown dots alternatively.

The shell is short. The body whorl is considerably elevated with a convexly rounded surface. Apex is blunt with 5 to 6 whorls. Aperture is brownish violet with two transverse white bands, one is at the shoulder and another medially.

Synonym (s)
Conus achatinus var. infumata Dautzenberg, 1937
Conus barbara Brazier, 1898
Conus contusus Reeve, 1848
Conus figulinus violascens Barros e Cunha, 1933
Conus frostiana Brazier, 1898
Conus monachus Linnaeus, 1758
Conus nebulosus Gmelin, 1791
Conus ranunculus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792
Conus vinctus A. Adams, 1855
Cucullus cinerarius Roding, 1798
Cucullus maculosus Roding, 1798
Cucullus ventricosus Roding, 1798
(objective junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Achatinus Cone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Colaba Coast (Lat: 18.88) (Long: 72.8) INDIA (Record: 20/10/2003) (Depth: 15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Coomans, HE; Moolenbeek, RG and Wils, E (1979) Alphabetical revision of the (sub) species in recent Conidae. 1. abbas to adansonii Basteria 43 Available at - Zoological Records(yemen-marine)
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kohn, AJ The Conus Biodiversity website Available at - http://biology.burke.washington.edu/conus/index.php
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-01-11

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