Conus textile   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Image copyrights: David Harasti

Description
Size: 40-70 mm.

Color: Brown with white blotches.

Shell is light, strong with smooth surface, having large and small overlapping tentmarkings with white shade inside. Number of undulating axial brown lines interrupted by white triangles arranged as scales. Early two or three interrupted orange brownish bands are streaked axially by the wavy darker brown lines. Spires are straight with gently concave sides with 9-11 whorls. The last whorl (body whorl) has gently or strongly convex sides with a rounded or a slightly angulated shoulder with low spiral ridges towards the base. Aperture is narrow at posterior and broad at anterior or base. Columella straight, periostracum is smooth and thin pale yellowish and opaque.

Synonym (s)
Conus textile Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Cylinder textile (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Darioconus textile (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Conus concatenatus Kiener, 1845
Conus dilectus Gould, 1850
Conus gloriamaris Perry, 1810
Conus panniculus Lamarck, 1810
Conus reteaureum Perry, 1811
Conus scriptus G. B. Sowerby II, 1858
Conus textile var. ponderosa Dautzenberg, 1932
Conus tigrinus G. B. Sowerby II, 1858
Conus verriculum Reeve, 1843
Cucullus auratus Roding, 1798
Cucullus aurelius Roding, 1798
Cucullus auriger Roding, 1798
Darioconus textilis osullivani Iredale, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Cloth of Gold Cone (English)
• Textile Cone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(For decoration, locally used as food.
Venom is dangerous causing fatalities and even human death.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 06/2002-05/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 12/03/2003) (Depth: 35 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 12/03/2003) (Depth: 35 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • da Motta, AJ (1982) Seventeen new cone shell names (Gastropoda: Conidae) Publicacoes Ocasionais da Sociedade Portuguesa de Malacologia Available at - Zoological Abstracts-Madagascar(1-500)
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Ramkumar, R and Edward, JKP (2004) Recruitment of epibenthic communities on artificial reefs in Tuticorin coastal waters, southeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 108-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf
  • Scuba equipment USA - Marine species gallery Available at - http://www.scuba-equipment-usa.com/marine/index.html
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-29

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