Conus terebra   Born,  1778 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Description
Size: Length 85 mm; Width 36 mm

Color: Ground colour white to bluish white.

Shell elongate, less in weight, rough due to number of transverse thin white lines on body whorl, medium-sized to large, moderately solid to solid. Last whorl conical, also narrowly conical, outline convex below shoulder, straight below, sometimes concave centrally. Shoulder rounded, sometimes rather indistinct from spire. Spire usually of moderate height, occasionally low, outline convex. Larval shell multispiral, maximum diameter about 0.8 mm. First 3-5 postnuclear whorls tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps slightly convex to slightly concave, with 1 increasing to 3-4 wide spiral grooves and additional striae or with numerous striae. Last whorl with variably spaced and variably fine spiral ribs from base to shoulder, weaker in large specimens, interspaces may have spiral threads.


Synonym (s)
Conus coelebs Hinds, 1843
Conus fusus Gmelin, 1791
Conus terebellum Gmelin, 1791
Conus thomasi G. B. Sowerby III, 1881

Common Name (s)
• Terebra Cone (English)
• Gastropods
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated,Rocky,Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Terebellid polychaetes

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 20/03/2002) (Depth: 15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 20/03/2002) (Depth: 15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kohn, AJ The Conus Biodiversity website Available at - http://biology.burke.washington.edu/conus/index.php
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf
  • Association francaise de conchyliologie Available at - http://www.xenophora.org/index.php

Page last updated on:2011-08-12

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