Conus striatus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Image copyrights: coneshells

Description
Size: Length 88 mm; Width 44 mm

Color: White, pink with brown lines; often cream with brownish-purple blotches.

Shell is quite thick, strong, Large, slim up to 12 cm, with rounded shoulders, a pointed spire with deep sutures, and an outer lip with pronounced posterior flare. Body whorl is pinkish white with irregularly arranged blackish cloudly blotches composed of very closely transverse lines. At the spire, early whorls are prominently elevated and end in an acutely pointed apex, later ones are concave and stepped. Shoulder of convex body whorl strongly keeled and angulated. Aperture is white and wide at the base. Periostracum yellowish brown, thin, and translucent. Foot, siphon and proboscis tan mottled with brown.


Synonym (s)
Conus chusaki da Motta, 1978
Conus floridus G. B. Sowerby II, 1858
Conus leoninus [Lightfoot], 1786
Conus subfloridus da Motta, 1985
Pionoconus striatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Striated cone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Decoration; Venom causes paralysis to the skeletal musculature)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated,Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores

Biogeography


• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.23) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island (Lat: 8.75) (Long: 78.2) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 15/12/2003) (Depth: 24 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 15/12/2003) (Depth: 24 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Paganelli, G Coneshell.net Available at - http://www.coneshell.net/index.html

Page last updated on:2011-08-12

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