Gallinula indica   Blyth  (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Color: A slaty grey and brown marsh bird with white edges to the closed wings, and conspicuous white under tail-coverts. Forehead (frontal shield) and base of greenish bill bright red. Longish green legs and large ungainly feet. Paris, or gregariously, amongst partially submerged rushes, swimming or skulking about.

Habits: Typical of the rails. Very like the Whitebreasted Waterhen except that it swims a great deal more. On water its progress is attended by the same characteristic jerky bobbing of head and flicking up of tail when the white under tail-coverts flash prominently. Flight laboured- usually low over the water with rapid wing beats, neck stretched in front and legs trailing behind.

Nesting: Season- June to September (SW. monsoon). Nest- bulky, of sedges and weeds on ground amongst aquatic herbage, or up in a low shrub near water. Eggs- 5 to 12, pale yellowish to warm buff stone colour, blotched with dark reddish brown.

Synonym (s)
Gallinula chloropus indica Ali & Ripley, 1969
Gallinula chloropus var. indicus Blyth, 1842

Common Name (s)
• Jal Murgi (Bengali)
• Indian Moorhen (English)
• Pani Murghi (Hindi)
• Jal Murgi (Hindi)
• Bodar (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Insects, worms, molluscs, grain and shoots of paddy and marsh plants.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2002) The ecology and faunal diversity of two floodplain Ox Bow lakes of south eastern West Bengal Occasional paper no. 195 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 20821 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-09-14

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