Conus inscriptus   Reeve,  1843 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Image copyrights: Atoll Shells

Description
Size: 30-50 mm.

Color: White with brown blotches.

Shell is thin and less in weight, apex is well elevated with 9-10 whorls. The body whorl is white encircled with 10-15 transverse rows of quadrangular tan or brown spots. Crescent shaped tan markings are present on the apex and its sides are convex. Partially fused brown or tan spots lead to form two interrupted transverse bands at adpical and abapical of the centre. Aperture is white or pale violet in color, the edge of the outer lip is very sharp. Periostracum brown, smooth, thin and translucent. Foot is highly muscular with frilled edges and brick red in color, but the ventral side of the foot is brown in color. The operculum is attached to the hinder part of the foot which is horny and calcareous. The penis is located just behind the base of the cephalic tentacle adhered to the foot. The proboscis is a muscular tube with a basal mass located at the base of a permanent rhyncodeum and corresponds to the intraembolic proboscis type.


Synonym (s)
Conus inscriptus Reeve, 1843
Conus inscriptus Kohn, 1978
Conus adenensis E. A. Smith, 1891
Conus cuneiformis E. A. Smith, 1877
Conus evansi Bondarev, 2001
Conus inscriptus f. meridionalis G. Raybaudi Massilia, 1989
Conus inscriptus indicus Rockel, 1979
Conus keatiformis Shikama, 1977
Conus keatii G. B. Sowerby II, 1858
Conus maculospira Pilsbry & Johnson, 1921
Conus maculospira Pilsbry, 1922
Conus maculospira bangladeshianus da Motta, 1985
Conus planiliratus G. B. Sowerby III, 1870
(homonym)
Conus planiliratus var. batheon Sutrany, 1904
Conus sartii Korn, Niederhofer & Blocher, 2001
Conus tegulatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1870
Conus wilmeri G. B. Sowerby III, 1882

Common Name (s)
• Inscriptus Cone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For decoration)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1991, 1997)
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pazhayar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• Bay of Bengal
• Red Sea (Record: 1991, 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA (Record: 1998)
• Orissa, Off Puri INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kozhikode INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Off Gujarat INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Tamil Nadu, Palayar (Lat: 11.43) (Long: 79.98) INDIA (Record: 6/1/2003) (Depth: 40 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-01-11

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