Harpa major   Roding,  1798 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Guido Poppe

Size: 50-108 mm

Color: The color of the shell varies from pinkish flesh-color to deep reddish brown with the area between the ribs showing an axially festooned pattern of pink, white or chestnut. The color changes from the fresh color of the nuclear whorls to white, often with scattered chestnut spots. The last two whorls of the spire are covered with glaze varying in color from flesh or cocoa color to yellowish and dark coffee color.

Shell broadly oval, usually solid and comparatively heavy, last whorl large, spire broadly conical. Protoconch conical, of 3 ¾ to 4 whorls, rounded, glassy, flesh-colored.

Synonym (s)
Harpa conoidalis Lamarck, 1822
Harpa kawamurai Habe, 1973
Harpa ligata Menke, 1828

Common Name (s)
• Large Harp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Maurel, M (1979) A huge harp found on Mauritius Of Sea and Shore 10(4) 248-249 Available at - ZOOR11700006903
  • Rehder, HA (1973) The Family Harpidae of the World Indo-Pacific Mollusca Delaware Museum of Natural History Grenville, Delaware, U.S.A 3(16) 237 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2011-08-30

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