Epinephelus marginatus   (Lowe,  1834) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: www.auxbulles.com

Size: 150 cm TL.

Max. weight reported: 60.0 kg.

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. A monandric species.

Max. age reported: 50 years.

Synonym (s)
Cerna gigas Bonaparte, 1833
(Ambiguous synonym)
Epinephelus brachysoma Cope, 1871
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus gigas (Brunnich, 1768)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Epinephelus guaza (non Linnaeus, 1758)
(Misapplied name)
Holocentrus gigas (Brunnich, 1768)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Serranus aspersus Jenyns, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Serranus cernioides de Brito Capello, 1867
(Ambiguous synonym)
Serranus fimbriatus Lowe, 1838
(Replacement name)
Serranus gigas (Brunnich, 1768)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Serranus guaza (non Linnaeus, 1758)
(Misapplied name)
Serranus marginatus Lowe, 1834
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Yellowbelly Rockcod (English)
• Yellowbelly Grouper (English)
• Dusky Sea Perch (English)
• Duskey Grouper (English)
• Brown Grouper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Overexploitation from commercial fishing is the primary threat. The slow growth rate and the complex reproductive style of Epinephelus marginatus compound its inability to withstand high fishing pressure.)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, crabs and octopi
IUCN Status:  Endangered



Literature Source(s)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • auxBulles Available at - http://www.auxbulles.com/accueil.html

Page last updated on:2011-04-01

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