Oliva oliva   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: www.seashellhub.com

Size: Length 14.48-34.98 mm; diameter 6.32-17.10 mm

Color: Greyish green, white

Shiny, narrow aperture, outer lip is thick, color band on surface, 3 weak fold on columella, elongated apex. The shell is thick, elongated and more or less cylindrically oblong, the posterior part of the body whorl being only very slightly inflated in proportion to the remaining parts. Spire is very small in proportion to the greatly enlarged body whorl and its lower whorls are strongly flattened so as to render the sides of the spire ridge like thickening of the adjoining parts of the whorls. The columella is thickened with callus and obliquely plicated below. The body whorl is produced into a prominent, beak like, projecting callosity posteriorly, bounding the small notch like posterior canal.

Synonym (s)
Cylinder niger Rumph & Rareitkamer, 1707
Oliva ispidula Linnaeus, 1758
Oliva maura Lamarck, 1822
Oliva maura Melvill & Sykes, 1898
Oliva maura Reeve, 1850
Oliva maura Schepman, 1908
Oliva oliva Dautzenberg, 1947
Oliva oliva Gravely, 1942
Strephona maura Gray, 1858
Voluta oliva Linnaeus, 1758
Voluta oliva Linne, 1758
Cylinder niger Rumph. Amb. Rareikamer, 1707
Strephona maura Gray, 1858
Oliva maura Melvill and Sykes, 1898
Oliva oliva Cernohorsky, 1967
Oliva (Oliva) oliva Ray, 1977

Common Name (s)
• Common Olive
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For decoration, Edible)

Habitat:  Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Kasafal INDIA (Record: 23/01/1973a)
• Orissa, Konark INDIA (Record: 19/11/1962)
• Orissa, Chandrabhaga INDIA (Record: 10/02/1972)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 19/02/1948-20/02/1948)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 21/01/1941-22/01/1941)
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Gulbin, VV and Evseev, GA (1997) Intertidal Prosobranch Gastropods of Vietnam Galaxea Ryukyus University, Japan 13(2) 157-166 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • www.seashellhub.com Available at - http://www.seashellhub.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raghunathan, C; Gupta, SR; Wangikar, U and Lakhmapurkar, J (2004) A record of live corals along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Current Science Current Science Association and Indian Academy of Sciences 87(8) 1131-1138 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/oct252004/1131.pdf
  • Ramesh, S; Samipillai, SS and Elangomathavan, R (2009) Environmental sciences habitat diversity of hermit crab Clibanarius longitarsus (de haan) in Vellar estuary, south east coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 1(4) 161–168 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/1022/763
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-30

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