Epinephelus macrospilos   (Bleeker,  1855) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Serranidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 51.0 cm.

Max. weight reported: 2,000 g.

Head profile angular; body less compressed and spots more closely spaced than Epinephelus corallicola and Epinephelus howlandi. Body and median fins with large dark blotches, largest towards the tail. Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Epinephelus faveatus (non Valenciennes, 1828)
(Misapplied name)
Epinephelus megachir (non Richardson, 1846)
(Misapplied name)
Epinephelus quoyanus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Serranus cylindricus Gunther, 1859
(Junior synonym)
Serranus macrospilos Bleeker, 1855
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Snubnose Grouper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(It is targeted by the live reef food fish trade. The species occurs within shallow reef habitats susceptible to habitat destruction and bleaching.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans (mainly crabs), fishes, octopi, and squid
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Randall, JE and Heemstra, PC (1991) Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species Indo-Pacific Fishes 20 1-332 Available at - Zoological Records (Bahrain marine)
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/

Page last updated on:2010-05-25

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