Acropora valida   (Dana,  1846) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description
Color: usually cream to yellowish-brown, sometimes with pinkish tips to the branches and whitish corallites.

Colony shape varies from low, domed clusters of short branches to bushy or tabular colonies up to 1 m in diameter. But usually occurs in compact clumps. Corallites are close to the branches (appressed) or tubular with small openings. They vary in size and are generally smaller on the underside of the branches. Radials nariform or tubular, arranged more or less in longitudinal rows along axis of branch. Tips of radials beaked with oval openings. Walls of radials finely echinulate. Septa in two cycles.

Hermaphroditic, broadcast spawning


Synonym (s)
Madrepora valida Dana 1846
Acropora valida Veron and Wallace 1984
Acropora variabilis Scheer and Pillai 1983
Acropora valida (Dana) 1846
(Senior synonym)
Acropora variabilis Pillai and Scheer 1976
Acropora (Acropora) valida Veron & Wallace 1984
Acropora valida Veron 2000

Common Name (s)
• Small Polyp Stone Coral (English)
• Staghorn coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Shrimp, plankton, squid
Predator:  Acanthaster planci, the crown-of-thorns starfish, Butterfly fishes (Chaetodon trifascialis and Chaetodon trifasciatus), Bony fish (Oxymonacanthus longirostris)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Flores INDONESIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Red Sea
• MALDIVES
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Enayam INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2013-04-18

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