Acropora speciosa   (Quelch,  1886) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description
Color: Usually cream with delicately colored corallite tips.

Colonies form thick cushions and bottlebrush branches. Axial and incipient axial corallites are large and elongate and only slightly taper. Radial corallites intergrade with axial corallites, but most are small, appressed and tubular or pocket-like.

Similar species: Acropora echinata has smaller corallites and does not form compact cushions.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Staghorn Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Butterfly fishes (Chaetodon trifascialis and Chaetodon trifasciatus)
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography



Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 1 463 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Australian Institute of Marine Science Available at - http://www.aims.gov.au/
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Graham, NAJ (2007) Ecological versatility and the decline of coral feeding fishes following climate driven coral mortality Marine Biology Springer Berlin / Heidelberg 153(2) 119-127 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/9603851204hwv725/fulltext.pdf
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-04-22

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