Epinephelus faveatus   (Valenciennes,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 51 cm.

Color: Head and body with closely set brown and black spots of various sizes, the pale interspaces forming a network pattern; the largest spots equal in size to the eye; chest with irregular dark blotches; median fins pale, with large, blackish spots that are not sharply defined; pectoral fins dusky, with a conspicuous, narrow, white border; bases of pectorals pale, with 1 or 2 vaguely defined dark blotches (some specimens may have as many as 12 poorly defined dark spots in these fins); pelvic fins dusky, with a few black blotches; anal and caudal fins also with a white border. Spots on small juveniles larger than on adults; those on distal part of caudal and anal fins fused, emphasizing the prominent white border of these fins.

Body depth contained 3.1 to 3.5 times in standard length. Preopercle finely serrate, the serrae at the angle covered by skin; maxilla reaches to or slightly past vertical at rear edge of eye; midlateral part of lower jaw with 2 rows of teeth; lower gillrakers 14 to 16. Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 15 to 17 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 8 soft rays; pectoral fin rays 18 or 19; pectoral fins 1.65 to 1.95 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Pored lateral line scales 46 to 52; lateral scale series 92 to 102; body scales mostly cycloid (smooth).

Protogynous, fertilization external, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Epinephelus macrospilos (Bleeker, 1855)
Serranus bontoo Valenciennes, 1828
Serranus faveatus Valenciennes, 1828

Common Name (s)
• Indian Grouper (English)
• Bigspot Grouper (English)
• Barred-Chest Grouper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Sold mostly fresh in local markets.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient


• Kerala, Melekkel INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 20-28 mts)
• Kerala, Colachel INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 4-13 mts)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 3-11 mts)
• Kerala, Poovar INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 10-16 mts)
• Kerala, Enayam INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 10-14 mts)
• Kerala, Muttom INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 7-11, 8-16 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Mehdi, A; Yves, L; Michel, P and Salvat, B (1998) Factors influencing spatial distribution of fish communities an a fringing reef at Mauritius, S.W. Indian Ocean Environmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 53 169-182 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Sluka, RD and Lazarus, S (2010) Grouper (Pisces: Serranidae) relative abundance and diversity on the west coast of India Marine Biodiversity Records Cambridge University Press 3 1-3 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755267210000606

Page last updated on:2011-01-31

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