Babylonia spirata   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Korina Sangiouloglou

Size: Length 25.65-52.96 mm; diameter 17.50-37.30 mm.

Color: White with reddish brown blotches; The shell bears a very characteristic color pattern of regular spiral rows of large, rounded or squarish brownish or orange brown patches on a white ground; the apex of the aperture is tinged blackish.

The shell is smooth, ovoid prominent shoulders, deep incised sutures, turreted like and covered when fresh by a strong brownish periostracum. The whorls are inflated and sutures are sunk in broad, inwardly sloping grooves. The columella is smooth and somewhat strongly thickened with heavy callus; the umbilicus is almost completely filled up by callus. The aperture is large, ovate and constricted posteriorly by a single, thick ridge extending spirally inverse on the columellar side. The anterior canal is represented by an oblique notch at the base of the aperture. The inside of the outer lip is smooth and unthickened.

Synonym (s)
Babylonia canaliculata Schumacher, 1817
Babylonia spirata Gravely, 1942
Eburna spirata Hornell, 1921
Eburna spirata Lamarck, 1845
Eburna spirata Reeve, 1849
Buccinum spiratum Linne, 1845
Buccinum spiratum Linnaeus, 1758
Babylonia spirata Satyamurti, 1952
Babylonia spirata Ray, 1977
Ancilla pallida Perry, 1811
Babylonia spirata balinensis Cossignani, 2009
Nassa canaliculata Schumacher, 1817
Buccinum spiratum var. alborubra Spalowsky, 1795
Eburna chrysostoma G.B. Sowerby II, 1866
Eburna semipicta G.B. Sowerby II, 1866

Common Name (s)
• Whelks
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For decoration)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Neendakara (Lat: 8.93) (Long: 76.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary INDIA (Record: 04/03/1964-05/03/1964)
• Orissa, Off Paradwip INDIA (Record: 31/01/1972)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 15/11/1962, 06/02/1972)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 30/01/1954)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 21/02/1948)
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA (Record: 24/11/1962)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Beyt Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Karachi PAKISTAN
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA (Record: 10/2007-09/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mudasalodai (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-09/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Gujarat, Balapur Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Athankarai INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Neendakara INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi, Sakthikulangara INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
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  • Sealifebase Available at -
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  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bhagirathan, U; Panda, SK; Madhu, VR and Meenakumari, B (2008) Occurrence of live Octocorals in the Trawling Grounds of Veraval Coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Central Fisheries Research Institute of Turkey and Japan 8 369-372 Available at -
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at -
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  • Philip, MB and Appukuttan, KK (1995) A checklist of gastropods landed at Sakthikulangara-Neendakara area CMFRI 138 9-10 Available at - NIO, Goa
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Page last updated on:2011-12-16

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