Thais tissoti   Petit,  1852 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: G. & Ph. Poppe

Size: Length 13.00-26.40 mm; diameter 8.75-16.80 mm; length of aperture 9.00-16.70 mm; length of spire 6.10-13.25 mm.

Color: Light brown with dark brown tubercles, aperture white.

Shell small, spindle shape, thick, spire elevated, acute, body whorl large, oblong. Aperture narrowly ovate, outer margin crenulate, interior lirate, columella smooth plicated anteriorly, margined posteriorly by ridge, anal sulcus deep inverted ‘U’ shape. Sculpture consists of 4 thick spiral ridges with bisulcated grooves and 2 narrow cords in between first two ridges, ornamented with low tubercles, other two ridges gradually weak, spiral cords scabrous, umbelicus small almost closed; canal short, open.

This species closely resembles Thais blanfordi but differs in having 4 strong spiral ridges intersticed with 2 cords and deep bisulcated grooves.

Synonym (s)
Purpura tissoti Petit, 1852
Thais (Mancinella) tissoti Ray, 1977
Purpura tissoti Melvill and Abercrombie, 1893
Purpura tissoti Melvill and Standen, 1898
Thais tissoti Gravely, 1942
Thais tissoti Satyamurti, 1952
Thais tissoti Subrahmanyam et al., 1952
Thais tissoti Menon et al., 1961
Thais tissoti Ray, 1977

Common Name (s)
• Tissots Rock Shell (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Nariman Point INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: 12 mts)
• Orissa, Paradwip Coast INDIA (Record: 09/09/1984)
• Persian Gulf
• Gujarat, Mandvi INDIA
• Gujarat, Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhadreswar INDIA
• Gujarat, Kandla Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Mithapur INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha beach INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi INDIA
• Gujarat, Sikka beach INDIA
• Gujarat, Miyani INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Somnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Chorwad INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Devka INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Marwad INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Goa, Cavelossim beach INDIA
• Karnataka, Murdeswar INDIA
• Karnataka, Kumta INDIA
• Karnataka, St. Mary Island INDIA
• Kerala, Kozhikode INDIA
• Kerala, Narakkal INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Orissa, Paradwip INDIA
• Karachi PAKISTAN
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahuva INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.78) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 19.15) (Long: 72.93) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Irumeni INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.94) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.96) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kalpakkam INDIA (Record: 1987-1988)

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database: Taxa reported from regions in India (W) Available at -
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Tan, KS and Sigurdsson, JB (1996) Two new species of Thais (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, with notes on T. tissoti (Petit, 1852) and T. blanfordi (Melvill, 1893) from Bombay, India The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 44 (1) 77-107 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Venkateshvaran, K (2008) Temporal and spatial differences in species diversity in the intertidal region of south Mumbai Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 29-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at -
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ragunathan, C; Tewari, A; Joshi, HV; Sravan Kumar, VG; Trivedi, RH and Khambathy, Y (2003) Impact of turbidity on intertidal macrofauna at Gopnath, Mahuva and Veraval coasts(west coast of India) Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 32(3) 214-221 Available at -
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Ziauddin, G. (2010) A comparative study on intertidal faunal biodiversity of selected beaches of Mumbai coast Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology, India, 31(6) 981-986 Available at -
  • Jaiswar, AK and Kulkarni, BG (2001) Vertical distribution of molluscs in the intertidal area in and around Mumbai, India Journal of Indian fisheries association Indian fisheries association, Mumbai, India 28 93-100 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at -
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at -
  • Venkatesan, V; Kalidas, C; Zacharia, PU and Rajagopal, S (2010) Distribution of molluscan fauna in the Karangad estuarine mangroves, south east coast of India Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society Bioflux 2 (2) 113-119 Available at -
  • Sasikumar, N; Rajagopal, S and Nair, KVK (1989) Seasonal and vertical distribution of macrofoulants in Kalpakkam coastal waters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 270-275 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-30

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