Purpura panama   (Roeding)  1798 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Muricidae

Image copyrights: Femorale

Description
Size: Length 30.25-76.45 mm; diameter 20.46-49.55 mm; length of aperture 22.76-53.02 mm; length of spire 11.95-32.86 mm.

Color: Chestnut brown alternate with white; tubercles more prominent on the spire; aperture light orange, outer lip margin with dark brown; impression of spiral ridges seen inside.

Shell large, broad, spindle shape, spire high, consisting of three to four whorls, body whorl large, angulate. Aperture ovate, outer lip margin crellulate, interior lirate, columella broad, obliquely grooved; anal sulcus deep 'U' shape. Siphonal canal short, broad, open; sculpture consists of five broad spiral ridges, each followed by four to five narrow ridges, first two broad with low raised tubercles, dark chestnut brown.


Synonym (s)
Purpura rudolphi Lamarck 1822
Thais panama Roeding 1798
Thais rudolphi Lamarck 1822
Purpura panama Abbot and Dance 1982
Purpura rudolphi Reeve 1846
Thais rudolphi Hornell 1921
Thais rudolphi Crichton 1941
Thais rudolphi Gravely 1942
Thais rudolphi Ray 1948
Thais rudolphi Subrahmanyam et al. 1952
Thais rudolphi Satyamurti 1952
Thais rudolphi Menon et al. 1961
Purpura panama Surya Rao and Subba Rao 1991
Purpura panama (Roding) 1798
(Senior synonym)
Purpura rudolphi Lamarck 1822
(Junior synonym)
Thais rudolphi (Lamarck) 1822
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Rudolph's Purpura (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 10/03/1983, 14/03/1983)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1991, 1993)
• Gujarat INDIA (Record: 1991, 1993)
• Daman and Diu, Diu INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Maharashtra INDIA (Record: 1991, 1993)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 1991, 1993)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA (Record: 1991, 1993)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobars INDIA (Record: 1991, 1993)
• Karachi PAKISTAN (Record: 1991, 1993)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1991, 1993)
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Beyt Island INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Madhi INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Navibandar INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Chorwad INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Somnath INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Gujarat, Muldwarka INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Daman and Diu, Diu INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Daman and Diu, Vanakbara INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 1993)

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Surya Rao, KV and Subba Rao, NV (1991) Mollusca State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 273-362 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/

Page last updated on:2009-10-21

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