Morula funiculata   (Reeve,  1846) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Keoki Stender

Size: Length 8.52-11.60 mm; diameter 4.34-5.60 mm; length of aperture 4.65-5.98 mm; length of spire 4.75-6.32 mm.

Color: White with orange brown nodules alternate with bands, aperture white with brown markings on columella.

Shell small, spindle shape, spire elevated, acute, consists of five whorls, body whorl large. Aperture narrow, elongately ovate, outer lip thick, margin crenulate. Interior denticulate with five to six denticles gradually decreases in size. Inner lip adherent, columella with three pustules above canal; anal sulcus deep inverted 'U' shape margined by ridge. Sculpture consists of spiral cords, nodulose, two to three on spiral whorls, six to seven on body whorl. Axial sculpture with prominent ribs, interstices formed to nodules, suture deep, penultimate whorl consists of a single row of nodules.

Synonym (s)
Ricinula funiculata Reeve, 1846
Rinicula funiculata Tryon, 1880

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • The Taiwan malacofauna database Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-07-09

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