Thais bufo   Lamarck,  1822 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Muricidae

Image copyrights: Femorale

Description
Color: The shell is pale brown, faintly banded with dark brown on the surface and the columella and interior of the aperture are yellowish brown.

The shell is thick, large and much broader with a very low spire and more or less broadly inflated body whorl. The surface of the shell is uniformly spirally grooved throughout and on the body whorl there are two spiral rows of rather widely set, rounded tubercles, those of the upper row, whose site is marked by an obtusely angular shoulder, being the larger; below these rows of nodules there are two slightly raised spiral ridges, but they are not tuberculated. The aperture is broad with a slightly arched columellar border covered by a thick, polished callosity which is particularly prominent posteriorly. The outer lip is thick, finely crenulated within and deeply notched at the upper extremity. The operculum is broadly ovate.


Synonym (s)
Purpura bufo Lamarck, 1845
Purpura bufo Reeve, 1846
Purpura bufo Hornell, 1921
Thais bufo Crichton, 1941
Thais bufo Gravely, 1942

Common Name (s)
• Frog Whelk (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Collected for food.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Nariman Point INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahuva INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.78) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 19.15) (Long: 72.93) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.94) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.96) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kalpakkam INDIA (Record: 1987-1988)
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Venkateshvaran, K (2008) Temporal and spatial differences in species diversity in the intertidal region of south Mumbai Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 29-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Ragunathan, C; Tewari, A; Joshi, HV; Sravan Kumar, VG; Trivedi, RH and Khambathy, Y (2003) Impact of turbidity on intertidal macrofauna at Gopnath, Mahuva and Veraval coasts(west coast of India) Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 32(3) 214-221 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4269/1/IJMS%2032%283%29%20214-221.pdf
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Ziauddin, G. (2010) A comparative study on intertidal faunal biodiversity of selected beaches of Mumbai coast Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology, India, 31(6) 981-986 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/201011_nov10/paper_15.pdf
  • Ramesh, S; Samipillai, SS and Elangomathavan, R (2009) Environmental sciences habitat diversity of hermit crab Clibanarius longitarsus (de haan) in Vellar estuary, south east coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 1(4) 161–168 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/1022/763
  • Bhagirathan, U; Panda, SK; Madhu, VR and Meenakumari, B (2008) Occurrence of live Octocorals in the Trawling Grounds of Veraval Coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Central Fisheries Research Institute of Turkey and Japan 8 369-372 Available at - http://www.trjfas.org/pdf/issue_8_2/369_372.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Venkatesan, V; Kalidas, C; Zacharia, PU and Rajagopal, S (2010) Distribution of molluscan fauna in the Karangad estuarine mangroves, south east coast of India Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society Bioflux 2 (2) 113-119 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6960/1/083-AES_BIOGLUX_2010.pdf
  • Jones, S (1969) The molluscan fishery resources of India Proceedings of the Symposium on Mollusca CMFRI 906-918 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2371/1/Article_26.pdf
  • Sasikumar, N; Rajagopal, S and Nair, KVK (1989) Seasonal and vertical distribution of macrofoulants in Kalpakkam coastal waters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 270-275 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-25

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