Homalocantha scorpio   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Muricidae

Image copyrights: Mollusc Net Auctions

Description
Size: Length 44.75-53.37 mm; diameter 32.68-33.70 mm; length of aperture 8.70-11.95 mm; length of spire 15.98-15.95 mm; length of the canal 19.20-22.72 mm.

Color: Dark pinkish brown, interior light; white with brown blotches, fronds bark brown.

Small and large bifurcated spines, smaller spines interspersed between larger ones, moderately siphonal canal, long spire. Spire moderately high, body whorl with a near vertical shoulder, region of the suture wide and very deeply excavated, bridged by thin septae formed by extensions of the varixes, with six varixes per whorl, each bearing five expanding, palmate fronds with foliose webbing between their bases, plus thre fronds on the canal, intervarical areas with strong, rounded spiral ribs corresponding with the fronds, siphonal canal long, straight.


Synonym (s)
Murex scorpio Linnaeus, 1758
Hexaplex fusca Perry, 1811
Hexaplex tenuis Perry, 1811
Murex scorpio Linnaeus, 1758
(Basionym)
Homalocantha scorpio Cernohorsky, 1967
Homalocantha scorpio Radwin & D'Attilio, 1976

Common Name (s)
• Scorpion Murex (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For decoration)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Red Sea

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1994) Australian marine shells 2 1-370 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/

Page last updated on:2011-09-02

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