Charonia tritonis   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Littorinimorpha
Family:Ranellidae

Image copyrights: Eddie Hardy

Description
Size: 45 cm.

Color: Fawn or light brown with crescent-shaped markings of purple-brown, interior orange-yellow or reddish, columella dark brown in the interstices between white lirae.

Body whorl swollen, spire high and pointed, varixes broad but low, sculptured with smooth, wide, rather flat spiral ribs and a single, narrow, axially-plicate rib at the suture, outer lip bearing 9-12 pointed teeth, columella with strong bifid lirae along its whole length. A distinctive shell, up to 50 cm, with a pointed spire and a large body whorl. Exterior creamy with darker brown dashes and chevrons. Aperture large, orange, and with banded lip.
It is the largest member of the family and one of the largest of all gastropods.


Synonym (s)
Murex tritonis Linnaeus, 1758
Charonia tritonis Cernohorsky, 1967
Eutritonium tritonis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Septa tritonia Perry, 1810
Triton marmoratum Link, 1807
Triton umbricata W.H.D. Adams, 1868

Common Name (s)
• Trumpet Shell (English)
• Triton's Trumpet Shell (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Prey:  Coral-eating Crown-of-Thorns starfish

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobars INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at - http://www.amphibiaweb.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1993) Australian marine shells 1 1-408 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Surya Rao, KV and Subba Rao, NV (1991) Mollusca State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 273-362 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, KC; Thomas, PA; Appukuttan, KK and Gopakumar, G (1986) Ancillary living marine resources of Lakshadweep Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Cochin 68 46-50 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4386/1/Article_13.pdf
  • Appukuttan, KK; Chellam, A; Ramadoss, K; Victor, ACC and Meiyappan, MM (1989) Molluscan resources Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 77-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2641/1/Article_12.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-21

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