Ficus gracilis   (Sowerby, G. B. (I),  1825) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Littorinimorpha
Family:Ficidae

Image copyrights: Eddie Hardy

Description
Size: Length 48.82-74.15 mm; diameter 25.10-37.15 mm; maximum height of the aperture 44-80-67.45 mm.

Color: Orangish, pale brown, brown colored line (weavy) running longitudinally and giving a definite color pattern to the shell.

Board white band below deeply impressed suture, fig shape, growth line distinct. Outer lip is thickened, columella is straight, spiral ribs that crossed by vertical striae.


Synonym (s)
Pyrula gracilis Sowerby, 1925
Pyrula gracilis Sowerby, 1825
Pyrula dussumieri Smith, 1894
Ficus gracilis Abbott & Dance, 1982
Pyrula gracilis Sowerby, G. B. (I), 1825

Common Name (s)
• Graceful Fig
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For decoration)

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Persian Gulf INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• SEYCHELLES
• Orissa, Baleshwar Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA
• West Bengal, Off Hugli River Mouth INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bimlipatam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 06/1932)

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramesh, S; Samipillai, SS and Elangomathavan, R (2009) Environmental sciences habitat diversity of hermit crab Clibanarius longitarsus (de haan) in Vellar estuary, south east coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 1(4) 161–168 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/1022/763

Page last updated on:2010-12-28

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