Turritella duplicata   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Caenogastropoda incertae sedis
Family:Turritellidae

Description
Size: 107 mm in height.

Color: Upper half of each whorl medium dark brown and the lower pale cream brown.

Shell large, about 18-20 whorls, the earlier whorls convex with many fine spiral ridges, on other whorls two sharp ridges in the middle, after the six whorls the central ridge becomes elevated into a strong keel, other spiral ridges become obsolete or disappear, after about ten whorls another elevated ridge begins to appear and and on the penultimate and body whorl both of these become less conspicuous. The whorls at both end rounded and those in the middle sharply angular.


Synonym (s)
Turbo duplicatus Linnaeus, 1758
Turritella acutangula (linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada (Lat: 16.93) (Long: 82.22) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada (Lat: 16.93) (Long: 82.22) INDIA (Depth: 30 mts)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: 12 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Orissa INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ganesh, T; Raman, AV and Rao, KVS (2006) New records of marine molluscs from the northeast coast of India, Bay of Bengal Journal of the Bomaby Natural History Society BNHS, India 103(1) 29-33 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Indian_J_Appl_Pure_Biol_24_441.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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