Dussumieria acuta   Valenciennes,  1847 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: Maximum 20 cm; common 10 to 15 cm.

Color: Steel blue on back, sides and belly silvery, a narrow golden bar mid-laterally from opercle to caudal, fin hyaline, caudal edged black, dark spot on base of first ray of dorsal and anal. First ray of dorsal and pectorals with a dark spot.

Body is elongate and rounded. Abdominal profile more convex than the dorsal profile. Snout acute. Scutes on ventral edge absent. Teeth minute on jaws, palatines and pterygoids and not on vomer. Paired fins small. Branchiostegal rays fewer (12 to 15) and posterior part of scales marked with numerous tiny radiating striae. W-shaped pelvic scute; isthmus tapering evenly forward; more anal fin rays. Maxillary not reaching below front margin of eye. Jaws equal. Origin of dorsal more than diameter of eye nearer to caudal than to snout. Origin of anal far behind dorsal, about as long as postorbital part of head, shorter than ventrals, the origin of which is below the middle of the dorsal. Pectorals pointed, as long head without snout. Caudal deeply incised, about 4 times in length. Distinct teeth on jaws, palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Gillrakers about 20, with very fine spines along the innerside, as long as pupil, slightly longer than branchial filaments. Scales thin, very deciduous, longitudinally striated, their hind margin rough or indistinctly crenulated. Elongated scales in the axil of pectorals and ventrals. Dorsal spines (total): 0; anal spines: 0; anal soft rays: 14 - 18.


Synonym (s)
Clupea flosmaris Richardson, 1846
(Ambiguous synonym)
Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes, 1847
(Senior synonym)
Elops javanicus Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Etrumeus albulina Fowler, 1934
(Junior synonym)
Dussumieria hasseltii Day (nec Bleeker), 1878
Dussumieria elopsoides Bleeker, 1850
Dussumieria hasselti Bleeker, 1850
Dussumieria productissima Chabanaud, 1933
Etrumeus (Montalbania) albulina Fowler, 1934

Common Name (s)
• Opul Dah
• Rainbow Saridine (English)
• Common Sprat (English)
• Round Herring (English)
• Mannethi (Kannada)
• Charlay (Malayalam)
• Kola Koyan (Malayalam)
• Sprat Tok (Marathi)
• Tondaya (Sinhala)
• Tondai (Tamil)
• Thondon (Telugu)
• Poonduouringa Mothakendi (Telugu)
• Morava (Telugu)
• Marrawa (Telugu)
• Mothakendi (Telugu)
• Rainbow Sardine (English)
• Kolu Baige (Kannada)
• Mennethe (Kannada)
• Siriande (Kannada)
• Challay (Malayalam)
• Kolachi (Malayalam)
• Madha Kandai (Tamil)
• Poondivirinjan (Tamil)
• Poondusuringa (Tamil)
• Thondon (Tamil)
• Poonduouringa (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, diatoms, other planktonic invertebrates

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.97) (Long: 72.8) INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 19.5) (Long: 87.83) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 80 mts)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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