Dasyatis kuhlii [Status Unaccepted]   (Muller & Henle,  1841) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: David Harasti

Size: 22- 80 cm disc width

Color: Reddish-brown to green with bright blue centered spots (ocelli) and scattered black spots on the dorsal side. The ventral side is white.

They have very short, broad, angular snouts and the disc is angular with a total length of 70 cm. The tail is as long as the body with conspicuous black and white rings and a short upper caudal finfold, and longer lower finfold that ends behind the tail tip. There is usually one stinging spine on the tail.

Ovoviviparous. There is a distinct pairing with embrace and pups measure 16 cm at birth.

Synonym (s)
Amphotistius kuhlii Muller & Henle, 1841
Amphotistus Kuhlii Munro, 1955
Dasyatis akajei non Muller & Henle, 1841
Dasyatis kuhli Muller & Henle, 1841
Dasyatis kuhlii Fang & Wang, 1932
Dasyatis kuhlii Fowler, 1928
Dasyatis Kuhlii Fowler, 1941
Dasyatis kuhlii Herre, 1953
Dasyatis Kuhlii Misra, 1952
Dasyatis Kuhlii Misra & Menon, 1958
Dasyatis Kuhlii Suvatti, 1936
Dasybatus kuhli Muller & Henle, 1841
Dasybatus varidens German, 1885
Dicerobatis kuhlii Muller & Henle, 1841
Raya trigonoides Castelnau, 1873
Raya trigonoides Castelnau, 1873
Trygon kuhlii Annandale, 19909
Trygon kuhlii Anonymous, 1955
Trygon kuhlii Bleeker, 1868
Trygon Kuhlii Day, 1889
Trygon Kuhlii Day, 1878
Trygon kuhlii Dumeril, 1865
Trygon kuhlii Miiller & Henle, 1841
Trygon kuhlii Pearson, 1913
Trygon Kuhlii Sorley, 1933

Common Name (s)
• Bluespotted Stingray (English)
• Blue Spotted Maskray (English)
• Kuhls Stingray (English)
• Palwa (Marathi)
• Kunnoo Tirike (Tamil)
• Kunoo Tirike (Tamil)
• Pakat (Marathi)
• Munakkannu Thirukkai (Tamil)
• Katti Thirukkai (Tamil)
• Pulli Thirukkai (Tamil)
• Shemen - Tenkee (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption.
The venomous tail spine can inflict a painful wound. They sting only when stepped on, but they are difficult to see since they are often buried in sandy bottoms.)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fish, prawns, crabs and other crustaceans


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 10/1999-11/2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Zanzibar TANZANIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkateswarlu, T and Rama Rao, KV (1986) Valid scientific names to Day's fish fauna of India Miscellaneous publication, occasional paper no 87 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI p 48 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Cliff, G (1995) Sharks caught in the protective gill nets off Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. 8. The great hammerhead shark Sphyrna mokarran (Ruppell) South African Journal of Marine Science 15 105-114 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1994) The effect of artificial reef installation on the biosocioeconomics of small scale fisheries in Ranong province, Thailand Bay of Bengal Programme Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • MarineBio Available at - http://marinebio.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sujatha, K (2002) Batoid fishes off Visakhapatnam, north east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 155-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Hanfee, F (1999) Management of shark fisheries in two Indian coastal states: Tamil Nadu and Kerala Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 378 Rome, FAO Part 1 (11) Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X2097E/X2097E14.htm#ch11.
  • Crustaceans of Nelson Bay Available at - http://www.daveharasti.com/nelsonbay/crustaceans/index.htm
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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