Umbonium vestiarium   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:
Family:Trochidae

Image copyrights: Femorale

Description
Size: 6-7mm high, 12-15 mm wide.
Length: 4.7-8.4 mm.
Diameter: 8.60-14.35 mm.
Maximum height of the aperture: 3.40-4.30 mm.

Color: Grey, rose, yellow, pink, black, oliver-green or combination of color.

Solid, rounded shells, Small, disc-shape, flat-base, periphery rounded, whorls glossy smooth and lacking any sculpture, with a glossy, highly variable and colourfully patterned exterior. Conical shape, umbilicus closed by a thick callus, round body whorl, curved columella.The spire is depressed. The aperture is 'D' shaped. The umbilicus is filled with whitish callus which spreads over the basal surface of the shell.
Polymorphism in shell color and pattern is known in this snail.


Synonym (s)
Globulus australis Philippi, 1848
Rotella lineolata Lamarck, 1822
Rotella vestiaria Sowerby, 1878
Trochus vestiarium Linnaeus, 1758
Trochus vestiarius Linnaeus, 1758
Umbonium (Rotella) vestiarium Gravely, 1942
Trochus vestiarium Linne, 1758
Umbonium vestiarium Link, 1807
Umbonium vestiarium A. Adams, 1853
Umbonium (Rotella) vestiarium Hornell, 1921
Umbonium vestiarium Gravely, 1942
Umbonium vestiarum Link, 1807
Umbonium vestiarum Rajagopal and Mookherjee, 1978
Umbonium vestiarium Preston, 1915
Umbonium vestiarium Annandale and Kemp, 1916
Umbonium vestiarium Rajagopal & Mookherjee, 1978

Common Name (s)
• Button Tops (English)
• Button Shells (English)
• Common Button Top (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For preparation of lime, garlands, toys, and other decoratives like flower vase, door hanging, etc. Also eaten as fish; They are used to make toys and dolls as figures of birds, human beings etc. by gluing the shells together.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Herbivores

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.23) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985, 1986, 1987, 1991)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA (Record: 27/11/1984, 30/01/1986)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• West Bengal, New Digha INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2001)
• West Bengal, Old Digha INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Konark INDIA (Record: 18/11/1962-20/11/1962)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 29/11/1962, 09/02/1972, 28/01/1973)
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA (Record: 24/11/1962)
• Andhra Pradesh, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Goa, Miramar INDIA (Record: 10/2000)
• Daman and Diu, Diu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Threspuram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Fishing Harbour INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• INDIA

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