Dascyllus aruanus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Size: 8.2-10 cm.

Color: Pale white to brownish with three broad dark brown cross bands; the first band from chin obliquely upwards to the origin of first two dorsal spines, the second from the base of 5th or 6th to 9th dorsal spines obliquely to the base of pectoral and ventral and the third from soft dorsal to anal. Dorsal and anal brown, the distal part of the posterior rays light. Caudal dusky. Ventral dark. Pectoral light with dark base.

Head 3.0-3.5 in standard length, 3.8-4.3 in total length. Depth of body 1.6-1.8 in standard length, 2.1-2.3 in total length. Eye diameter 2.7-3.0 in head, 0.6-0.7 in snout and 1.0-1.1 in convex interorbital space. Teeth in jaws conical, outer row enlarged. Pectoral fin slightly shorter than head. Hind border and lower border of preopercle denticulated. Ventral fin equal to or longer than head. Swim by the oscillation of median or pectoral fins.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 12-13; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 17-18+8-9; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+9.

Protogynous, external fertilization. Harem-type social structure observed with 1 male and several females with linear size dependent rank order, male spawned with the females in order of rank and may attempt to male with females from nearby territories. Male and largest female protect the home territory. Males invite females to spawn in their nests, protecting the eggs until they hatch and becoming very aggressive against other fish. (Male selects and protects the nest, does the courtship `dance' about 1 m above the nest and escorts the attracted female to the nest site where spawning ensues). Eggs hatch after 3-5 days, pelagic larvae feeds on plankton.

This fish has been reared in captivity

Max. age reported: 6 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Abudefduf caroli Curtiss, 1938
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon arcuanus Gmelin, 1789
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon aruanus Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Dascyllus blochii Castelnau, 1875
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus devisi Jordan & Seale, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus emamo Lesson, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus trifasciatus De Vis, 1884
(Ambiguous synonym)
Tetradrachmum arcuatum Cantor, 1850
(Junior synonym)
Tetradrachmum aruanum (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Chaetodon aruanus Linnaeus, 1758
Dascyllus aruanus de Beaufort, 1940
Tetradrachmum aruanum Day, 1878
Chaetodon aruanus Bloch, 1787
Lutjanus aruanus Lacepede, 1803
Pomacentrus aruanus Ruppell, 1828
Dascyllus aruanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Tetradrachmum arcuatum Cantor, 1850
Dascyllus aruanus Bleeker, 1854
Dascyllus aruanus Gunther, 1862
Tetradrachmum aruanum Bleeker, 1863
Dascyllus aruanus Kner, 1865
Dascyllus aruanus Kossmann and Rauber, 1876
Tetradrachmum arcuatum Bleeker, 1877
Dascyllus aruanus Gunther, 1881
Dascyllus aruanus Macleay, 1881
Dascyllus aruanus Jatzow and Lenz, 1899
Dascyllus aruanus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Dascyllus aruanus McCulloch, 1913
Dascyllus aruanus Montalban, 1927
Dascyllus aruanus Ahl, 1928
Dascyllus aruanus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Dascyllus aruanus Fowler, 1928
Tetradrachmum aruanum Whitley, 1929
Dascyllus arnanus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Zebra Humbug (English)
• Zebra Damselfish (English)
• White Tailed Footballer (English)
• White Tailed Damselfish (English)
• Whitetail Dascyllus (English)
• Threestripe Damselfish (English)
• Humbug Dascyllus (English)
• Humbug Damselfish (English)
• Black and White Damselfish (English)
• Banded Humbug (English)
• Galiburang (Mahl)
• Kallikkotti (Malayalam)
• Banded Dascyllus (English)
• Banded Puller (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, Ornamental fish)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Bony fish, fish eggs/larvae, benthic algae/weeds, planktonic copepods, other planktonic crustaceans
Predator:  Bony fishes of the family Serranidae (Cephalopholis hemistiktos, Cephalopholis miniata)


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-01/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Parli INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-12-02

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